Getting rid of cough correctly
Cough accompanies many different diseases. It may be negligible. In this case, a person has only a slight cough. Or, on the contrary, coughing can become painful. This symptom causes a flood of tears and tearing chest pain. These are different types of cough. And each of them needs to be fought properly. So, how to treat a cough? And what to look for in order to choose the right treatment?
Cough: many faces and treacherous
Because of its prevalence, coughing always seems to be a simple process. However, for its appearance in the body, an appropriate mechanism should work. Initially, irritation occurs in the airways. A variety of reasons can provoke it:
pathogenic viruses, bacteria;
pieces of food;
mucus from the nasal passages;
abnormalities in the development of the larynx, trachea, vocal cords;
some diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
dry or cold air.
Cough receptors are located in the airways. As soon as the pathological process affects them, a signal is immediately transmitted to the brain. The cough center, which received information about irritation, immediately responds to such an invasion. A cough appears. It serves as the physiological response of the cough center to irritation.
Coughing is only a symptom that indicates the occurrence of a pathological process in the body. Moreover, such a process can be both a harmless reaction to excessively hot air, and pertussis or oncology.
To determine how to treat a cough in a child or an adult patient, it is necessary to deal with varieties of an unpleasant symptom. Otherwise, there is a high risk of choosing the wrong therapy. And this will lead to the development of complications.
Dry cough may cause a sore throat
So, a cough may be:
Dry. It is also called unproductive. With this cough, sputum does not stand out. The symptom is always painful and very exhausting for the patient. With a dry cough, there are complaints of cutting pain in the throat and tearing in the chest. This type often occurs at the initial stage of a cold and precedes a wet cough.
Wet. This type of cough is called productive. It is accompanied by sputum production. Due to the passage of mucus, pathogenic microorganisms are removed from the respiratory tract. If this cough appears after a dry one, then it indicates the beginning of the patient’s recovery.
The tactics of combating cough depends entirely on its type. If the patient is tormented by a dry cough, then treatment should be aimed at translating it into a wet one. In the case of a wet cough, preparations are needed that dilute and improve mucus output.
How and how to treat cough
It is important not only to correctly recognize the type of cough, but also to determine the cause of the unpleasant symptom. Indeed, sometimes very serious diseases, such as bronchial asthma, whooping cough, and tuberculosis, are hidden behind it. Of course, most often we are talking about a common cold, but in order to fully verify this, it is better to go to the doctor’s appointment.
Immediately you need to seek help from doctors if at least one of the following symptoms is present:
cough lasts more than 2 weeks and its intensity does not decrease;
sputum contains pus or streaks of blood are present;
in addition to coughing, signs of suffocation appear, wheezing, whistling are heard in the chest, violation of natural breathing is noted;
cough is accompanied by severe chest pain;
a barking cough torments the child (this is especially dangerous if the parents did not vaccinate the child with whooping cough and diphtheria).
If a dry cough does not go away for a long time, then only a doctor can tell how to treat it. A lingering symptom can signal serious problems in the body or improperly selected treatment tactics that threaten the development of complications.
General treatment recommendations
To speed up the healing process, the patient needs to create special conditions. Doctors advise:
The optimum temperature. Do not keep the patient (even if the patient is a child) in an excessively warm room. A person’s recovery is much more effective if the room temperature is + 18 ° С … + 22 ° С.
Regular hydration. If an unfortunate person suffers from a dry cough, then humidification can reduce the severity of symptoms. The optimum humidity is 50-70%. Such air promotes the transition of dry cough into productive. In addition, moistened air helps thin the viscous mucus and improves its output. And this helps fight a wet cough.
Drink plenty. The patient is recommended to drink more fluid. Useful are herbal teas, decoctions of wild rose, dried fruit compotes. Drinking plenty of water helps reduce the severity of seizures and makes coughing easier. In addition, with sufficient fluid intake, intoxication of the body is significantly reduced. Thanks to this, it is possible to avoid unpleasant complications of the common cold.
Inhalation. You can resort to such procedures only if the patient does not have a high temperature. For inhalation, medicinal herbs or special medicines are used.