7 common mistakes of those who are trying to provide first aid
The ability to provide first aid is a very important and sought-after skill, which in some situations is the only thing that separates a person from death. It is all the sadder that, as in any other matter, it is common for people to make mistakes during the provision of medical care, especially if they are not qualified employees of the respective institutions. Here are some of the most common miscalculations. You should remember them and never repeat them.
1. Bleeding from the nose
Many people with nosebleeds throw their heads back. This action is erroneous and ineffective. Firstly, tipping the head does not help stop the blood. Secondly, there is a risk that the blood will go to the throat, and this in turn can cause profuse vomiting.
That’s right – it is to tilt your head a little forward and pinch the nose. If after 10 minutes (maximum) the blood does not stop stopping, you should plug your nose with cotton and call a doctor.
“Folk remedies” like applying ice or oil to the burn site not only do not help, but also harm the person. Oil does aggravate the process of damage to skin cells and complicates the healing and anesthesia of wounds. Ice also leads to hypothermia and cell destruction.
That’s right – this is to hold the burn site under cold running, but not icy water for a couple of minutes. After this, the burn site should be covered with a bandage (clean and dry) and seek medical help.
3. Severe injuries
The worst thing that can be done when a person is seriously injured is to try to move him. Trying to do this can cause even more serious injuries and even death. Especially when it comes to the spine and internal organs. The exception is those cases when it is impossible to stay in place due to a direct threat to life and health. For example, in case of fire.
It’s right to call an ambulance and make room for the next stretcher maneuver as much as possible before her arrival.
4. Cuts and open injuries
There is nothing worse than trying to clean an open wound or cut with human saliva. It does not have any bactericidal properties. On the contrary, saliva contains a huge number of microorganisms, some of which may well provoke blood poisoning and decay.
That’s right – it is to wash the wounds with saline or, in extreme cases, with clean water.
5. Fracture and sprain
In any of these situations, a warming compress is a thing that will only worsen things. This is because heat enhances blood flow in the body, which means it will inevitably cause even more swelling.
That’s right – this is to try to cool the place of stretching or fracture with a compress or ice, as well as to maximize the immobilization of the affected part of the body.
6. Eye injury
Any attempts to independently remove a foreign object from the eye will not ultimately lead to anything good. The exception in this case are chemicals that should be washed immediately with cold running water.
That’s right – it is to protect the damaged eye with a bandage and immediately seek medical help.
The worst thing that can be done after an accident is to do nothing at all. Very often, people who have crashed die a few hours after the incident. This happens due to the fact that the splash of a huge amount of “adrenaline” into the blood masks the pain and supports life for some time, hiding injuries and harmful processes from the person.
That’s right – it is immediately to seek help from a doctor, even if it seems that everything is absolutely normal.
To continue the topic, read why blood is taken for analysis from the ring finger and not only.